WP11: TA6 – Trans-national Access to Diamond
Provision of access to the following infrastructure(s): Diamond
Description of the infrastructure
Diamond is a medium energy 3GeV synchrotron light source, and became operational with seven initial beamlines in 2007. Additional 25 beamlines become operational over the period 2007 to 2018, resulting in 32 operational beamlines by 2018.
Diamond provides academia and industry with a broad selection of analytical tools for studying the structure of varied materials ranging from biological samples to large engineering components. Activities extend into areas of applied science including foods, archaeological samples, nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals, materials for energy environment, forensics.
Most of the Diamond beamlines will include some aspects which make them unique in Europe. Examples include:
- I09 is a unique beamline in its ability to analyse samples with both hard and soft X-rays.
- I12 providing tomographic data on large engineering components of up to 2 tonnes, with a scanning area of 1m x 1m under real world conditions – a unique feature in Europe and the world.
- B23 beamline for Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) is the only SRCD beamline in the world with a highly collimated microbeam that enables measurements of very small amount of biologically important molecules at nanomolar concentrations.
- I03 is a tunable beamline working in the wavelength range of 0.6-2.48 Å. The standard working wavelength is 0.976 Å (12.7 keV) with a focused beam size of 80×20 um (FWHM). I03 uses SPINE standard pins and Unipucks for cryo-cooled samples. I03 also offers in-situ experiments using SBS format plates. I03 is the only MX beamline in Europe with CL3 capabilities.
- VMXi will be an entirely automated facility for characterisation of, and data collection directly from, crystallisation experiments in situ. It will be the only beamline in the world dedicated to in-situ crystallography. It provides immediate feedback on the diffraction, crystal quality and, in many cases, unit-cell parameters, space group, even in the case of micro-crystals (2-5 μm).
- I19 is a beamline uniquely dedicated in Europe and one of two in the world dedicated to small molecule crystallography. The beamline has been upgraded in 2015 to increase the flux by a factor of 3.
- Spectroscopy: Diamond has a state of the art suite of beamlines for spectroscopy which include a world class beamline for core XAS (B18) a versatile beamline for ultra-dilute, high resolution and time resolved XAS (I20) and spectromicroscopy at energies ranging from infra-red (B22), soft X-rays (I08) and hard- X-rays (I18 and in 2017 beamline I14).
Diamond currently has 26 beamlines operational, with six additional beamlines becoming operational during the project period. As the number of beamlines operational increases, so the amount of beamtime available for users increases.
|Name of the infrastructure (and
its installations, if applicable)
|Diamond Light Source|
|Location of the infrastructure||Diamond House
Harwell Science & Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxfordshire, ENGLAND, OX11 0DE.
|Services currently offered by the infrastructure||Diamond provides synchrotron beamtime to academia and industry, with a broad range of support services. Techniques which are available during the lifetime of the project include:
Support laboratories are located around the periphery of the synchrotron building close to the beamlines.
Modality of access & application procedure
|Modality of access||Access to Diamond will be through a peer review process, and European users have a status equal to that of national users.
Calls for proposal:
Typical experiments last between one-six days, and the results of the work must be published in the public domain (scientific literature). Users are supported by beamline staff and personnel from support groups for detectors, data acquisition and controls. In some instances it may be appropriate for Diamond staff to load the sample, collect and provide basic data interpretation.
|Offered support||For all beamtime awarded users work with guidance and support from beamline staff. The beamline scientists are experts in their fields with their own research programmes and able to offer high quality scientific and technical support.
Diamond provides a high quality scientific environment, typical of a modern scientific facility. The facility will provide a stimulating and multi-disciplinary research environment for the benefit of all users. Diamond is located on the STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory site close to the ISIS neutron source, and the Central Laser Facility (CLF). Synergy between Diamond and its neighbours will enable new collaborations with, for example, scatterers of neutron beams at ISIS and lasers at the CLF.
|Outreach to new users||Beamline data sheets are also available on wayforlight.eu. Find more information on the infrastructure here: Diamond@wayforlight.eu
Diamond is also making efforts to attract new users from new communities by a number of methods:
|Review procedure||Diamond operates a peer review process to rank proposals for beamtime on the basis of scientific and technical merit.